I have created a category, “mid-term” review to make it easier to go back through blog. You will be expected to know material from assigned readings, weekly lectures and slides. For the topics below be sure to review all material, not just blog for exam.
Below is a summary of the main areas that we have covered. This is not an exhaustive list, there may be questions outside of this list. In other words this is to help you study, it is not to abdicate you from the responsibility of knowing the course material.
Wk1: The Drawing Process
- Contour Drawing
- Observational drawing process (see slides).
Wk2: Tonal Drawing
- Shade a sphere
- What a tonal scale is and how it is used in drawing.
- How to measure and block
- Drawing with intention
- Note: reading is primarily for ideas for you to apply tonal drawings in your journal, most of the content came from the lecture.
Wk3: Mark Making
- Lessons learnt from drawing tree: line weight, shading, cross contour lines.
- How to shade a cylinder
- Hatching, process and types
- We have been developing a process for drawing since week 1, there should be an awareness of what this is.
Wk4: Shape Consciousness
- Four rules of shape awareness
- Shape into form: sphere, cube, cylinder, cone
- Shading to create form (see reading)
- Practice strokes with pencil, how to hold and use (see reading).
- negative space
- Note: Introduction to 1, 2, 3 point in wk4 reading
- Horizon line, what it is, how to find it and how the position on paper affects drawing.
- Vanishing point
- The principles of 1, 2, 3 point perspective (see slides and reading).
Wk6: Depth Cues and Planning
- Depth Cues: size, placement, detail, value and colour, overlapping (T-shape)
- Planning a structural drawing
wk: 7 critiques
- fore, mid and background and how to separate
- dynamic balance of tone across a composition
- Center of Interest, placement and balance.
- Big picture, two approaches we have been working with.
- what is the mannequin figure
- Basic measurements of the human body
- how to sketch out a mannequin figure from front and sides
- Basic shapes that are used to represent the pelvis and rib cage
- what is gesture drawing
- what are the three axis lines
- note: reading covers similiar material to what we covered in class.
- Steps to sketching out the head
- proportions and how to place them on the skull
- how to find the side plane of the skull
The body is roughly eight heads that divides at the crotch.
Here is a summary of the measurements we went through in class.
Remember to look for the lines of lines of action and compression points.
If you have forgotten how to measure the figure, then I would recommend watching this video, it is similiar to what we went through in class. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cb3ad2mA8y4
You will need to do this weeks reading to be prepared for the exam, it breaks down the figure measurements and basic shapes in more detail.
This week we also introduced gesture drawing, you will need to know the difference between gesture and contour for the exam (and for journals) :https://claralieu.wordpress.com/2013/05/15/ask-the-art-professor-what-is-a-gesture-drawing/
In very general terms we have look at drawing from two approaches, one is “point-to-point” and the other is structural.
Here are a couple of notes from class that captured this discussion.
Week 8 we looked at composition through the lens of creating a dynamic balance of light, mid and dark tones across the entire composition with an awareness of separating fore, mid and background within the picture plane. It is expected that students already bring to the class an understanding of basic composition principles such as the Rule of Thirds, creating balance and having a focal point.
Techniques apply equally to cinematography, many great cinematographers started out as painters.
image from Complete Sketch Paperback by
Excellent example of the process and planning that we went through in class. For your journals you should have several thumbnail sketches that explore different compositions, including placement, framing, balance and dynamic contrast of tone. You should also explore mixing approaching and integrating what we have learnt in the first part of the course.
Notice how the details in the foreground and background make for a more interesting image. Your eye moves through the work taking in details, forming a story of the event.
Deciding on an overall approach to how you are going to achieve depth in your work is important. It will become an important element of your drawing style. Here are some of the class notes on depth cues. These would be combined with work we have done on perspective and on composition.
For your final journal submission, you should follow a process such as this one, for your drawings each week.
We have a tendency to space everything out in a drawing, a person, a tree, a house… It will make for more interesting compositions if you overlap objects in your drawings.
Remember the T shaped join is one of the most important to look for in your drawings. It will give a sense of depth. That one line is in front of another.
Summary of depth cues discussed. I would highly recommend this video for an in-depth explanation of these concepts: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bieQn0L9ZaI
Position and size matter:
Tips for approaching a structural drawing:
For your week 6 journals, you may also want to explore depth cues. In most drawings you are trying to create the illusion of a three dimensional space on a two dimensional surface. A sense of depth will add visual interest and appeal to your work.
A good video that covers the basic theory we discussed in class.
Excellent video tutorial that covers much of what we discussed in class.